Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Process and Content Theories of Motivation Essay Example for Free
Process and Content Theories of Motivation Essay There are several process theories of motivation: The Vroom Expectancy Theory, the AdamsÃ¢â¬â¢ Equity Theory, the Needs-Goal-Setting Theory, and the Reinforcement Theory of Motivation. Here our centre of attention is on helping you make a clear-cut distinction between process and content. Basically, process theories of motivation focus on how workers needs influence their own behaviour. Here our attention goes beyond motivation, our focal point is on giving you a key conceptual tool to help you manage both the performance of your direct reports (management) and the performance of your entire organization (leadership). Ã¢â¬Å"ProcessÃ¢â¬ is how employees work together, as opposed to the what Ã¢â¬â the Ã¢â¬Å"content,Ã¢â¬ the task, the issue Ã¢â¬â they are working on. An example of Ã¢â¬Å"processÃ¢â¬ is the way in which people interact with each other during a meeting; on the contrary, an example of Ã¢â¬Å"contentÃ¢â¬ is the decision they make in that meeting. Process is hiring (the hiring processes that a company practices); content is the selected candidate that becomes the new employee. Process is the nature in which day-to-day performance conversations take place between the manager and her direct reports; content is what gets talked about, agreed upon, and actually understood. Process is the way in which people interact with each other in order to solve a problem; content is the actual solution to the problem. Most executives have the unconscious tendency to focus on content Ã¢â¬â which is great, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what they get paid for Ã¢â¬â but unfortunately most executives also have the unconscious tendency to forget about the process they are using. However, the quality of the Ã¢â¬Å"processÃ¢â¬ that is used (the type of meeting that is used to make a decision for example), has an impact on the quality of the resulting Ã¢â¬Å"contentÃ¢â¬ (if the meeting is poorly designed, the quality of the resulting decision is likely to be poorer, but if the meeting is well designed, the quality of the resulting decision is likely to be better). Again, the better the process used, the better the resulting content, and vice versa: The poorer the process used, the poorer the resulting content. Do the people in your company hate meetings because they spend too much time in them? The problem is not in the meetings themselves, but in the way your company runs those meetings. Does your company have several low performers? The problem is not in those poor people who perform below standards, but in your companyÃ¢â¬â¢s management practices. Is your company lagging behind its competition? The problem is not in those high performing organizations, but in the leadership skills of your companyÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders. The process by which a company is led and managed determines its long-term success.heori of Motivation A great company is successful in the long run not because of its great products or services, but because of the nature of its leadership and management processes. You can have the greatest product or service, but if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the appropriate management and leadership processes, your company wonÃ¢â¬â¢t get too far. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s that simple. The next time something doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t go as you wanted it to go, stop for a second, step back, get your focus off the content, and take a closer look at the process you are using. How can you improve the process that you are using?